Turkish-English Linguistic Glossary Terms

Scheherazade and Sultan Schariar by Ferdinand Keller

Ad-fiil / isim-fiil (mastar)

Action nominal (‑ma, ‑mak, or ‑iş) (a.k.a. verbal noun, infinitive)

The Slave Market by Jean-Léon Gérôme

Ad-fiil / isim-fiil tümcesi

Constituent (complement) clause

Kahve Ocağı by Osman Hamdi Bey

Asindeton (bağlaç dışılık)

Asyndeton, asyndetic

Harem Pool by Jean-Léon Gérôme

Basit (yalın) cümle

Simple sentence

Osman Hamdi Bey

Bağlaç

Conjunction

Osman Hamdi Bey

Bağlı ki’li cümle

Compound-complex sentence with ki-subordination

Kurds and Orthodox Priests by Jean Pascal

Bağlı sıralı cümle

Coordinated syndetic compound sentence

The Tryst (exterior) by Jean-Léon Gérôme

Bağımlı sıralı cümle

Correlated asyndetic compound sentence

The Tryst (interior) by Jean-Léon Gérôme

Bağımsız sıralı cümle

Noncorrelated asyndetic compound sentence

 Jean Pascal

Birleşik cümle

Complex sentence

Black Bashi-Bazouk by Jean-Léon Gérôme

Devrik cümle

Nocanonical sentence (nonconstituent sentence)

Riders Crossing the Desert by Jean-Léon Gérôme

Diye’li birleşik cümle

Finite clause with diye-subordination

Istanbul by Jean Pascal

Fiil cümlesi

Verbal clause

Haggin Saddle Bazaar by Jean-Léon Gérôme

Fiilimsi

Nonfinite verb or verbal

The interior of the 16th-century Ottoman imperial mosque Şehzade Mosque

Fronting (Focus fronting)

Fronting (Focus fronting)

Prayer in the Mosque by Jean-Léon Gérôme

Girişik birleşik cümle

Nonfinite (verbal) complex sentence

Osman Hamdi Bey

Girişik tümce

Nonfinite (verbal) clause

 Naile Hanım Portresi (Portrait of Naile Hanım) by Osman Hamdi Bey

Hypotaksi

Hypotaxis

Arabian Dancing Girls by Jean Pascal

Karmaşık birleşik cümle

Compound-complex sentence

Osman Hamdi Bey

Ki’li birleşik cümle

Finite sentence with ki-subordination

 Jean Pascal

Ki’li tümce

Finite ki-clause

A Veiled Woman by Jean Pascal

Kurallı cümle (kanonik, kuralsal cümle)

Canonical sentence (constituent, basic, kernel sentence)

Osman Hamdi Bey

Parataksi (bağlaçsız birleşim)

Parataxis

Jean Pascal

Sindeton (bağlaçlı yapı)

Syndeton, Syndetic

Jean Pascal

Sıfat (ilgi) tümce

Relative clause

Jean Pascal

Sıfat cümlesi

Adjectival sentence

Carpets by Jean-Léon Gérôme

Sıfat-fiil tümcesi

Relative clause (adjectival clause), participial clause

The Wailing Wall by Jean-Léon Gérôme

Sıfat‑fiil (ortaç, partisip grubu)

Participle

And the Prayer of Faith Shall Save the Sick by John Frederick Lewis

Sıralı birleşik cümle

Complex-compound sentence

Osman Hamdi Bey

Sıralı cümle

Asyndetic compound sentence

Osman Hamdi Bey

Temel cümlecik

Main clause

Bashi-Bazouk by Jean-Léon Gérôme

Yan cümlecik

Subordinate (dependent) clause

Osman Hamdi Bey

Zarf-fiil (bağ fiil, ulaç, gerundium grubu)

Converb (a.k.a. action adverb, adverbial participle, conjunctive participle, gerund, gerundive, verbal adverb)

Osman Hamdi Bey

Zarf‑fiil tümcesi

Adverbial clause

Jean Pascal

Çekimli fiil

Finite verb

Jean Pascal

Çekimli fiili tümce

Finite clause

Jean Pascal

Çekimsiz fiil

Nonfinite verb

Jean Pascal

Çekimsiz fiil tümcesi

Nonfinite clause

Jean Pascal

İsim cümlesi

Nominal (noun) sentence

Arnaut Smoking by Jean-Léon Gérôme

İç içe birleşik cümle

Substantival (embedded) finite complex sentence

Jean Pascal

İç içe tümce

Substantival (embedded) finite clause

Şartlı birleşik cümle

Conditional sentence

Jean Pascal

Şartlı tümce

Conditional clause