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  • Galina Blankenship

Turkish Punctuation: Türkçede Noktalama İşaretleri (Semicolon)

Updated: Aug 30

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❝ SEMICOLON ❞


In Turkish, semicolons are not used as often as in English. For example, Turkish independent clauses are set off with commas rather than semicolons, as it would be in English, unless the clauses already have commas. For example:

Erkek çocuklara Doğan, Tuğrul, Aslan, Orhan; kız çocuklara ise İnci, Çiçek, Gönül, Yonca adları verilir. ➥ Boys are named Doğan, Tuğrul, Aslan, and Orhan and girls, Çiçek, Gönül, and Yonca.

At ölür, meydan kalır; yiğit ölür, şan kalır. (Atasözü) The horse dies, the square remains; the valiant dies, the glory remains. (Proverb)

Oku; adam ol baban gibi, eşek olma. ➥ Read! Be a man like your father, don't be an ass.

However, semicolons are used in complex sentences before the adversative conjunctions ama, fakat, yalnız, ancak, lâkin, ne var ki, ne yazık ki, ama, çünkü. For example:


Çocuk çok zayıf; fakat her türlü işi yapıyor. The kid is very skinny but can do any work.


Bu yaşa gelmiş; lâkin hiçbir şey bilmiyor. He's lived this long but knows nothing.


İstediğin kadar alabilirsin; yalnız kardeşine de vereceksin. You can have as many as you want; only, you'll have to share with your brother, too.


Sen kullanabilirsin; ancak kimse duymasın. You can use it, but don't tell anyone [no one can hear about it].


Yarın resmî tatil; ne var ki biz çalışacağız. Tomorrow is the official holiday; however, we'll be working.


Maaşımı aldım; ne yazık ki borçlarımı ödemeye yetmedi. I got my salary; unfortunately, it wasn't enough to pay off my debts.


İlaçları alamadım; çünkü eczane kapalıydı. I couldn't get my medications, because the pharmacy was closed.

Semicolons are also used in complex sentences before the summarizing and explanatory conjunctions öyleyse, о hâlde, yani, oysaki, hâlbuki. For example:


Cumartesi akşam misafirlerin gelecekmiş; öyleyse pazara kadar beklemek zorundasın. ➥ The guests are coming on Saturday evening; so, you have to wait until Sunday.


Seni hiç dinlemiyor mu; o hâlde sen de onun dediklerini yapma. Since he never listens to you, you don’t have to do what he says.


Arabayı sattım; yani artık arabam yok. I sold the car; so, I don't have a car anymore.


Asım iflas etmiş; oysaki son zamanlarda işleri iyiydi. Asim has gone bankrupt, although he has been doing well lately.


Sınavı verememiş; hâlbuki о kadar çalışmıştı. He could not pass the exam, even though he had studied so much.


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