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  • Galina Blankenship

Turkish Punctuation (Türkçede Noktalama İşaretleri): Period (Nokta) [.]

Updated: Feb 8


⌘Proofreader's Cheatsheet:

with examples from newspapers, scientific articles, literature, poetry…



Image depicting a typewriter, with Isaac Babel's quote: "No iron can pierce the heart with such force as a period put just at the right place."
Isaac Babel (1894–1940), Russian journalist, playwright, and short story writer

❝ PERIOD ❞




Primarily, periods serve the same purpose in Turkish as in English—to end a sentence. Moreover, just as in English, periods are used to indicate abbreviations, which are very common in Turkish. The common abbreviations are used for:

  • Academic Degrees/Titles:

Prof. (profesör)Ph.D. (professor)

Dr. (doktor)Dr. (doctor)

Prof. Dr. (profesör doktor)Ph.D./M.D.

Doç. (doçent) associate professor

Yrd. Doç. (yardımcı doçent)assistant professor

Arş. Gör. (araştırma görevlisi)Research Assistant/Associate/Fellow

Ecz. (Eczacı)pharmacist

Uz. (uzman)specialist

Öğr. Ü. (Öğretim Üyesi)lecturer

  • Military Ranks:

Alb. (Albay)colonel

Gnkur. (Genelkurmay)general staff

  • Job Titles:

Cum. Bşk. (Cumhurbaşkanı)president

Av. (Avukat)attorney

Hs. Uzm. (hesap uzmanı)accountant

  • Addresses:

Image of a punctuation mark - Period (Nokta)

T.C. (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti)Republic of Turkey

Cad. (caddesi)Ave. (avenue)

Mah. (mahalle)district

Sok. (sokak) str. (street)

  • Institution/Company Names:

A.Ş. (Anonim Şirketi)Inc. (Incorporated)

Ltd. (Limited)LLC/LTD

Tic. (Ticaret)trade

  • Languages:

Alm. (Almanca)German

İng. (İngilizce)English

Ar. (Arapça)Arabic

  • Disciplines:

ed. (edebiyat)literature

fiz. (fizik)physics

kim. (kimya)chemistry

anat. (anatomi)anatomy

  • Documents (misc.):

sf. (sıfat)adj. (adjective)

haz. (hazırlayan)prepared by

çev. (çeviren)translated by

vb. (ve benzeri)etc. (et cetera)

vs. (vesaire)etc. (et cetera)

vd. (ve diğerleri) et al.

s. (sayfa)page

bkz./bk. (bakınız)see

sn. (saniye)sec. (second)

sa. (saat)hour

ör. (örneğin) e.g. (for example)