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  • Galina Blankenship

Turkish Punctuation: Türkçede Noktalama İşaretleri (Period)

Updated: Aug 30

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with examples from newspapers, scientific articles, literature, poetry...


❝ PERIOD ❞

Isaac Babel (1894–1940), Russian journalist, playwright, and short story writer

Primarily, periods serve the same purpose in Turkish as in English—to end a sentence. Moreover, just as in English, periods are used to indicate abbreviations, which are very common in Turkish. The common abbreviations are used for:

  • Academic Degrees/Titles: Prof. (profesör) ➥ Ph.D. (professor), Dr. (doktor) ➥ Dr. (doctor), Prof. Dr. (profesör doktor) ➥ Ph.D./M.D.Doç. (doçent)associate professor, Yrd. Doç. (yardımcı doçent) ➥ assistant professor, Arş. Gör. (araştırma görevlisi) ➥ Research Assistant/ Research Associate/ Research Fellow; Ecz. (Eczacı) ➥ pharmacistUz. (uzman) ➥ specialistÖğr. Ü. (Öğretim Üyesi) ➥ lecturer;

  • Military Ranks: Alb. (Albay) ➥ colonel, Gnkur. (Genelkurmay) ➥ general staff;

  • Job Titles: Cum. Bşk. (Cumhurbaşkanı) ➥ president, Av. (Avukat) ➥ attorney, Hs. Uzm. (hesap uzmanı) ➥ accountant;

  • Addresses: T.C. (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti) Republic of Turkey, Cad. (caddesi) ➥ Ave. (avenue), Mah. (mahalle) ➥ district, Sok. (sokak) ➥ str. (street);

  • Institution/Company Names: A.Ş. (Anonim Şirketi) ➥ Inc. (Incorporated), Ltd. (Limited) ➥ LLC/LTD, Tic. (Ticaret) ➥ trade;

  • Languages: Alm. (Almanca) ➥ German, İng. (İngilizce) ⮩ English, Ar. (Arapça) ➥ Arabic;

  • Disciplines: ed. (edebiyat) ➥ literature, fiz. (fizik) ➥ physics, kim. (kimya) ➥ chemistry, anat. (anatomi) ➥ anatomy;

  • Documents (misc.): sf. (sıfat) ➥ adj. (adjective), haz. (hazırlayan) ➥ prepared by, çev. (çeviren) ➥ translated by, vb. (ve benzeri) ➥ etc. (et cetera), vs. (vesaire) ➥ etc. (et cetera), vd. (ve diğerleri) ➥ et al., s. (sayfa) ➥ page, bkz./bk. (bakınız) ➥ see, sn. (saniye) ➥ sec. (second), sa. (saat) ➥ hourör. (örneğin) ➥ e.g. (for example).

Click here for the Turkish Language Association's booklet on abbreviations and other grammatical and orthographic rules or here for the Language Society's Table of Abbreviations.

Other uses of periods are distinctively Turkish. For example, periods are used for:



Ordinal numerals:

  • “5.” (beşinci) ➥ the fifth

  • “13.” (on üçüncü) ➥ the thirteenth

  • “24.” (yirmi döndürücü) ➥ the twenty-fourth

  • II. Mehmet ➥ Mehmed II (Mehmed the Conqueror)

  • XIV. Louis ➥ Louis XIV

  • XV. yüzyıl ➥ the 15th century

  • 3. Cadde ➥ 3rd Avenue

  • 21. Sokak ➥ 21st Street

  • 4. Levent ➥ 4th Levent


Dates:

  • 09.04.1962 ➥ 09.04.1962

  • 06.9.1985 ➥ 06.09.1985

  • 29.X.1923 ➥ 29.10.1923


Time (24-hour clock):

  • Tren 19.30’da Haydarpaşa’dan kalktı. ➥ The train left at 7:30 PM from Haydarpaşa.

  • Toplantı 13.00’te başladı. ➥ The meeting began at 1 PM.


Bibliographies:

  • Agâh Sırrı Levend, Türk Dilinde Gelişme ve Sadeleşme Evreleri, TDK Yayınları, Ankara 1960. Agâh Sırrı Levend, Stages of Development and Simplification of the Turkish Language, TDK Publications, Ankara 1960.


Numbers:

125.816.742 = yüz yirmi beş milyon sekiz yüz on altı bin yedi yüz kırk iki 125,816,742 = one hundred twenty-five million eight hundred sixteen thousand seven hundred forty-two

  • 1.550.000 1,550,000

  • 49.750.812 49,750,812

  • 326.197 326,197

  • 5.674,08 5,674.08


In mathematics, in place of the multiplication sign:

  • 4.5=20 4 x 5=20

  • 12.6=72 12 x 6=72


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