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  • Galina Blankenship

History of the Turkish Literary Language: Many Poets, Few Grammarians

Updated: Jan 5


The literary language used by Turks today is rooted in the Ottoman Turkish, an amalgam of the Turkish, Arabic, and Persian languages. Eventually, the Arabic and Persian elements gave way to French and some English influences.

Osman Hamdi Bey's masterpiece Girl Reciting Quran (1880)
Osman Hamdi Bey's masterpiece Girl Reciting Quran (1880), praised for its details of the young woman’s clothes and the Islamic designs.


Major Influences on the Turkish Language